ICSFDC News Alerts

Maharashtra: Juvenile fishing: Eating ocean fish into extinction by Manoj R Nair June 17,2019   |  Source: Hindustan Times

Last week, this newspaper reported about two studies that have warned that fish populations along Maharashtra’s coast could collapse because of overfishing and killing of juvenile fish. Research by the Mangrove and Marine Biodiversity Conservation Foundation of Maharashtra says that illegal fishing methods — such as using banned nets — are killing juveniles that have not had a chance to breed. Many of these species are listed as threatened in the International Union for Conservation of Nature’s list.

Another study by the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) - Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute (CMFRI), estimates that Maharashtra, a leading marine fish producers in the country with 2.8 lakh tonnes of fish landings in 2018, could be losing ?686 crore annually because juvenile fish were not allowed to grow to their full size. Juveniles formed 40% of the pomfret catch, with the rate rising to 56.2% in Mumbai. In the case of mackerel (bangda), 40 to 50% of the landings comprised of juveniles. Around 30-40% of the Seer fish, locally called surmai, and 23 to 28% of the catfish, or shingada, caught in Maharashtra were juveniles.

To reduce the chances of juvenile fish from getting caught, the government mandates the use of nets that have 40mm square mesh

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Years in Support of Small Scale Fishworkers (1986 - 2018)