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India: A Silent Revolution by Tarun Shridhar June 18,2019   |  Source: Hill Post

India is the second biggest producer of fish in the world and has been holding steady for quite a few years now, a fact not too widely known. Still lesser known is the fact that at an approximate value of INR 47,000 crores fish is the single largest agricultural export of India. Fisheries Sector over the past five years or so has been quietly, but assuredly, growing at a consistent annual rate ranging between 6.0 to 10.0% compared to the relatively modest annual growth of the crop sector at around 2.5%. In fact, 5.23% of Agriculture GVA is the contribution of Fisheries. The performance of the sector in India is all the more impressive when one compares it with the average growth of the fisheries sector all over the world.

Being a primary livelihood activity for a large number of communities, the importance of the fisheries sector towards achieving the national goal of doubling farmers’ income could hardly be overstated. But what must be stated outright emphatically is that across the globe, the sector faces formidable challenge of sustainability. Fisheries resources and stocks face rapid and dangerous levels of depletion on account of multiple onslaughts.

The United Nations (UN) Food and Agriculture Organization’s (FAO) State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture

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Years in Support of Small Scale Fishworkers (1986 - 2018)