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India: Maritime concerns with the ‘big fish’ by Nishtha Kaushiki October 04,2021   |  Source: The Pioneer

China happens to be the largest fishing nation producing approximately one-fifth of the global catch. Apart from freshwater fish, a vital part of the Chinese exports also come from the oceanic fish found in the deep sea. Interestingly, as per available reports, no fish are left in the South China Seadue to overconsumption. On the other hand, India occupies the second largest position (6.3 per cent) inproducingfish that sustain 14,500,000 fishers. China does eye these fish not only for its domestic consumption but also for exporting them to support its fisheries sector. Beijing's illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing in other countries' Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) hasso far been overlooked. According to the 2020 FAO report, "The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture", in 2018, China reported about 2.26 million tonnes from its "distant-water fishery" but provided details on species and fishing area only for 40 % of its"distant water catch". Thus, it has not divulged 60 per cent of its catch from the "distant waters" data. A significant part of this 60 per cent probably comes from its illegal fishing in the Indo-Pacific region, Eastern Indian Ocean and the Arabian Sea in particular and is at the economic cost of other nations.'The IUU Fishing Index', a civil


© 2021 The Pioneer.

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