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India: Food, energy, water security go together by RANA KAPOOR March 15,2017   |  Source: The Hindu Business Line

Policies often place these in silos, instead of evolving an eco-friendly, climate-smart approach to farming With rising population, an expanding middle class, changing lifestyles and climate change putting a strain on resource availability, achieving food, energy and water security is becoming a prime concern. By 2050, India is expected to be the world’s most populous country with 1.7 billion people, and the world’s second largest economy with a GDP of $42 trillion (in PPP terms). It is estimated that India would require to increase its annual food production by 30 per cent, to 333 million tonnes. In addition, more than 880 GW of new power generation capacity would be required by 2040.

Thus, a new paradigm is needed to manage these resources better. In many ways, food, energy and water (FEW) are interlinked with complex and dynamic interactions, and vulnerability in one could directly translate to vulnerabilities in the others. For example, agriculture and food production is the largest consumer (about 80 per cent) of freshwater resources in India and irrigation is primarily dependent on groundwater extraction, which requires electricity. Similarly, poor agricultural practices lead to inefficient use of energy and water.

Complex connections

Given that 60 per cent of

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